The Cost Elements of Buying Gold

When we buy gold jewellery either for ourselves or for a loved one or an acquaintance, we go to great lengths just to make sure that it will be appreciated by ourselves and others. This is true especially for jewellery that contains precious metals and particularly gold. Gold has been treasured by humans for thousands of years due to its immortality as it never tarnishes like most other metals and also due to its beauty and rarity.

Gold is indeed among the rarest of metals on planet Earth which is why for centuries; gold played the role of money until ‘printed money’ took centre stage at the beginning of the 20th century. When an individual purchases gold jewellery, it is unlike buying and selling gold bullion, when we buy a gram of bullion, it is cheaper than a piece of jewellery containing a gram of gold due to a variety of factors. When we buy jewellery containing gold we do not only pay for the content of gold in the jewellery piece, but we also pay for the overheads that the jeweller is subjected to. These overheads include costs incurred by operations of the jeweller who would have to hire sales staff, goldsmiths, pay for insurance, pay for the premise and even security.

These costs must be accounted for in every piece of jewellery that is sold and it is due to this fact that when we buy jewellery, in most case scenarios, an additional 20 – 30 % is added on to the value of gold contained in that piece of jewellery. Although, this may seem like buying jewellery is a mistake, due to the substantial ‘additional money’ that we have to part with, the truth is it is not so as the value of gold has been appreciating in general for the last 1000 years due to a number of factors.

These factors include (but not limited to) the fact that gold is getting scarcer, the increase in global population and rising incomes has created more demand for a rapidly shrinking commodity which compensates for the ‘extras’ that we pay when we purchase gold jewellery over time. For instance, the aftermath of the global financial meltdown resulted in prices of gold soaring like never before and owners of jewellery that contained gold found themselves in a profitable position as their jewellery were worth many times more than what they purchased it for.

Those who held on to old jewellery containing gold for more than 10 years made a handsome profit during that time based on the fact they were paid 10 times more than what they paid for the jewellery pieces that they owned. Even in the current situation, if we were to look at the prices of gold currently and if we were take jewellery pieces that were purchased for 300.00 or 400.00 USD in the 80’s and 90’s is easily worth close to 1500.00 to 2,000 USD now.

Even if inflation is taken into account, the fact remains that in the long run, gold jewellery still remains profitable, and let us not forget the value derived from wearing the gold jewellery piece for years.

Asia’s Return to the Golden Era

The fact that the Asian economies are rising much more rapidly when compared to that of the western economies is something that should not be taken lightly or regarded as a phase that will pass.

Countries such as China, India, Indonesia, Singapore and Japan  are seemingly bound together on a tangent that are slowly making them economic powerhouses and coupled with the fact that China has been actively recruiting smaller economies from Asia such as Malaysia, Singapore, The Philippines and other rising South East Asian economic stars such as Indonesia, Korea and Japan to join forces with them towards creating a ‘contained economy’ has been effectively moving them towards secure financial states through accumulated reserves from foreign trade and placing them in a strategic position to buy precious metals (especially gold) for investment purposes.

Most of the Asian population consist of serious savers who live within their means and most of these governments do not intend to change that trend which is evident in their ignorance of signals emanating from western governments and financial institutions to boost the consumer spending levels of these Asian countries who are closer to real economies that are stable in comparison to their Western counterparts.

Another factor that cannot be ignored is the association between these governments and the Russians lead by the popular Vladimir Putin who is an economic realist that follow the traditional economic regime of ‘the more their populations saves, the more money their banks are filled with to support infrastructure that subsequently attract Foreign Direct Investments creating an influx of foreign currencies that flow and into these robust economies allowing them to buy more gold and other precious metals to ensure that their currencies are supported.

The governments of Asia are encouraging saving based on the positivity that lies behind saving in the form of precious metals that is being coordinated by the Shanghai Cooperation Organization which is related to Russian financial institutions that are helping these Asian countries to regain and secure Asian assets that were actually theirs to begin with a few hundred years ago through the purchase of precious metals from the west. The total purchase of physical gold from Asia when prices are attractive is massive with India, China and Russia paving the way getting the other Asian countries such as Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia and Taiwan following close behind.

These countries have balanced trade deficits and their exports are almost at balance with national debts being stabilized with each passing year. As the EU heads towards a total breakup and Trump leaves the US financial system in disarray, confidence in trading with the EU and the US has diminished and due to the potential these fast growing economies are showing, investors prefer to put their money where the economic fire will burn longer and brighter.

These events are evident and based on the amount of cash for gold bullion being spent, essentially returning foreign cash to the host country in exchange for their gold bullion, a growing trend with the majority of available gold flowing out of the US and the EU; it won’t be long before the US and EU have nothing substantial to back their currencies with as gold is the only real money that will retain the power to buy in the final chapter of the money story.

India Could Eliminate Restrictions on Gold Imports

A top-level officer in India is suggesting that gold imports should be restriction-free. This pitch was made by Nirmala Sitharaman, Commerce and Industry minister in the Asian country.

Right now, India is the second largest gold consumer in the world by a lot, only surpassed by China. While this country is one of the biggest in demographic terms, the massive gold demand can be considered as a clear result of the long-lasting traditions and religious culture.

The proposal was made last year, based on a more subtle import duty cut. But now the minister is insisting on a wider permission for those looking to legally import gold in the country. She said to the press that the actual restrictions aren’t only stimulating smuggling but also damaging the jewellery sector.

Helping the Productive Engine

Minister Sitharaman have an evident sentiment towards the jewellers, being a big part of the Indian economy. “Outbound shipments of gems and jewellery, which account for about 13% of the country’s total exports, in October rose by 22% to $ 4.38 billion,” says an article published by Hindustan Times, covering the minister’s efforts.

It is logical to think that easing the restrictions on gold import would boost jewelry exports, helping big time the domestic economy. From that point of view, the minister’s proposal should become a top priority for the actual economic agenda.

Back in 2013, the government did exactly the opposite: the import duty was increased by 10 per cent in order to discourage imports and contain the account deficit, boosting at the same time smuggling activities to feed the demand generated by the jewellery sector.

There is a clear disagreement inside the government. In the original article we can read that “She further said the ministry last year had recommended import-duty cut on gold, but “given the situation then, I think nothing moved in our favour””.

Stimulating the Gold Market

Taking down the massive restrictions on gold in India could help the market. Prices would go up when the Indian jewellers get a broader access to raw material. Smuggling activities would be discouraged at the same time, helping the proper gathering of data related to trade and commerce.

Even with the actual import duties, gold demand keeps increasing in India, demonstrating that the country’s hunger to buy gold bullion and jewellery is far from being satisfied. “Arresting the eight-month fall, gold imports more than doubled to $3.5 billion in October. The imports had stood at $1.67 billion in October last year,” says the article, giving a clear proof of this increase happening.

Gold investors should pay more attention to what minister Sitharaman accomplishes in this matter. Reducing restrictions on these imports would be a decisive thing for gold, increasing the nationwide demand and boosting jewellery exports as well. The raw material can easily get more expensive, benefiting to those betting on this market.

While Indian authorities are working hard against gold smugglers, the truth is that these illegal activities aren’t going to end while the import duty remains so high.

China Demands on Gold and Other Metals Will Change Dynamically

After a tough year for the Chinese economy, politicians seems to have a clearer panorama for upcoming seasons. While this country remains as the biggest gold buyers in the world, indicators could be changing due to the influence of local industries.

A recent announcement from the Chinese Ministry of Industry and Information Technology said that gold demand growth is expected to decrease to an annual average of 4 percent regarding the four upcoming years.

This still means that China will consume more gold than never before, only with a slowdown in growth. The same announcement shared with the media some estimates regarding consumed tons.

The Ministry expects to consume 1,200 tons in 2020, representing an increase in comparison with 2015, when 986 tons were consumed. The domestic output is also expected to increase, with an estimated included. In 2020, 520 tons are expected to be produced, in comparison with 450 tons during 2015.

Relevant Economy Changes

The same announcement from the Chinese government exhibit estimates not only for gold consumption but for others metals as well. The data includes copper, aluminum, lead, and zinc.

These changes come from a plan for non-ferrous metals’ needs, applying more control on what the country truly demands. This plan is a response to the wild backlashes suffered by the Chinese economy in previous years, linked to poor control on the productive mechanisms and slowing exportations.

Copper annual growth for the 2011-2015 period was at 8.9 percent. The new estimate for the upcoming five-year period is around 3.3 percent. For aluminum, annual growth will go down from 14.4 to 5.2 percent.

For lead, annual growth will go down from 0.8 percent to 0.6 when comparing 2011-2015 period with the upcoming 2016-2020 one. Zinc demand growth will cut down in half, going from 3.5 percent to 1.7.

What Does This Mean for the Markets?

Pessimist investors will see a tragedy here but there is nothing massive happening, actually. Demand is not decreasing, only its growth rate. China will require massive amounts of minerals, more than the country is requiring right now.

In fewer words, the Chinese industry will still have a growing demand in the upcoming five years, only slower in comparison with the actual one.

Gold and other metals prices will have the window same to keep raising if the investors have enough interest. The markets could receive this news as a bad one but notice that the domestic output will go down as well, making China buy more than before.

Numbers aren’t lying. The panorama remains very positive. With a decreasing production output and a still-growing demand, the country is headed to demand more metals during the five upcoming years.

The data at the beginning of this article is a valid proof. Domestic industry will have to demand more gold in comparison with previous years, where production was higher. This will directly influence commodities and mining stocks.

Investors also have to remember that China is suffering mineral shortages, partially caused by several mines’ closure. This is an important factor that will gain relevance in the upcoming years when the demand increases.

Is this August a Good Time to Invest in Gold?

The gold market is moving fast these days. Many new investors are seeing real opportunities in this commodity for both protecting their wealth and get a profit in the mid-term.

The many things that are happening right now may be influencing positively the gold market, but there still are analysts who doubt of this trend. 2016 has been one of the best years for gold and this is a fact that no one can deny.

If you are a skeptic, we must tell you that this August could be a great moment to invest in gold. There are many reasons making us think such a thing.

Asian Trend

China’s aggressive strategy for buying gold suddenly stopped last year when they got in trouble and had to establish priorities. This quickly led to a gold price decrease.

For many analysts and experts, the Grexit would be the solution for investors that were looking opportunities in gold. The whole crisis escalated in Greece but gold didn’t get a single benefit from it.

The most common thing during a crisis is that investors protect their money with gold. Well, that didn’t happen. Most people kept losing their faith in gold.

Now, the panorama is quite different. China and India, world’s biggest consumers of the precious metal are slowly getting back on track. China may be resuming its gold purchasing plan in the following months. Their economy is more stable now and that’s a strong hint.
India, on the other side, is having problems with jewellers, who are on strike. This situation is causing problems since a while ago. But selling gold jewellery shouldn’t be a problem for long, Indian festivities are around the corner and jewellery demand will sky-rocket.

Diwali festivities in India begin during October’s last week. The strike is still on but the most probable thing is that jewellers will get back to work during the following weeks to be prepared for festivities.

In the countryside, Indian farmers, who don’t have access to modern banking systems in India and choose gold to save their earnings, had a really good season. So the most probable thing is that they will be demanding a lot of gold soon enough.

More to the West

Gold markets can benefit from what is going on in the west. The Brexit situation keeps influencing the region and harming the economy in Great Britain and Europe.

The Brexit had triggered many problems, so uncertainty is something natural. Scotland could have another referendum with extremely high possibilities of success. This would dissolve its relationship with Great Britain.

These geopolitical changes create political and financial mayhem. The most probable thing at this point is that gold increases its value quickly. European indexes are already suffering big losses.

Even further away to the west, the US economy could get unstable after November elections. It’s no secret that both Trump and Clinton enjoy the worst popularity rates in the history of the United States’ democracy.

This fancy record means a lot to market analysts who aren’t especially optimistic about the panorama after the elections. Investors have serious doubts about the FED and what could happen to the productive sector.

The Favorable Correlation

Cleary, there are many favourable reasons to put your bet on gold. But, another good alternative to mention are the mining stocks. Between gold prices and mining companies, there is a close link.

Mining stocks are performing extremely positive right now. They have their hands in gold, so investors expect stability from them. This trend is really promising and can be considered with the same optimistic paradigm we are using with the precious metal.

Why has Gold Fallen from Grace?

Anyone who has been in touch with the investment market is in one way or another aware that the prices of precious metals is below expectations and off lately it dipped below the 1,200 USD mark after a good 6 % jump early on in the year leaving speculators bewildered on which way to go. If we look at 2015, gold lost by about 12 % and half way through 2016 gold still does not seem to want to recover and the pessimism surrounding the shiny yellow metal is only making things worse.

It can actually be said that for the first time gold has suffered just as much as other commodities instead of it being regarded as a safe haven as it usually is. Instead, that position has been taken over by the attraction of the capital markets which governments are making attractive to stimulate their respective economies. Added with the fact that the Asian Gold exchange has come at an unlikely time, due to which indexes are not reflecting what they are supposed to reflect, the lack of trust by some quarters and the exodus of gold into the Asian market has obscured the performance of the shinny yellow metal. The price projections for gold does not look good indeed with Citi Corp estimating the price would fall to below $1,000 with the only positive projection stemming from HSBC at $ 1,205, the rest including ABN Amro, Agricole, Deutsche Bank, Societe Generale and BMO are all not expecting gold to pass $ 1,050.

Although this may sound like bad news to most gold buyers have been waiting to unload, the truth is that it is actually god news and it’s time to buy the precious metal again because it allows those in possession of physical bullion to lower the average cost of each ounce that they are holding on to. If investors are able to bring the average cost per ounce of their holdings to below or close to $1,100, unloading at $ 1,200 would not be difficult as it will be able to provide a minimum return of 8 % which those who have holdings valued at $ 1,200 per ounce would have to wait until prices are at $1,300 to earn the same returns.

Thus, for those who acquired their bullion for anything above $ 1,200, falling gold prices could be seen as good news as they would be able to reduce their costs significantly and would not have to wait till the prices of gold to soar to make a tidy profit. Whatever it is, a gold bull run is on the horizon and it is not a question of if any more as it is a question of when.

The Feds would not be able to continue the current rate hikes as it would have negative effects on the long run and China’s slow growth is seemingly coming to an end as the Chinese government attempts to prop itself up to stand in for the USD and by the looks of it, they might just manage to do it with all the support it is getting from regional counterparts.

Golden Risks

Although gold investments can be regarded as one of the most tempting venues for investors to venture into with an aim to bump up their investment returns with a commodity that is largely considered safe, it is not exactly as solid and sure as most people think it is.

As a matter of fact, gold should not be even be considered as an investment, it is a hedge, and as a hedge it will always remain and the same goes to silver, platinum or even palladium. It is a hedge that provides a little relief against the risk of losses suffered from other asset classes which includes property, equities and bonds. Gold and other precious metals have always been utilised as a hedge against the pressures of inflation and that same thinking holds until today, despite markets being totally unpredictable and even senseless at times. Basically, owning gold, gives back people who own gold the purchasing power that they lose because of inflation and the truth is that in economics, inflation is a constant as money will continue to depreciate as more and more o it is printed.

The reason for this fear is largely due to the fiscal and monetary policies being executed by the federal reserve due to high federal deficits spending coupled with interest rates kept near zero value, which actually makes gold attractive as most other investments do not have the ability to keep up with inflation.

The simple equation behind this reasoning is when governments offer real interest rates that are negative, that will be exactly what investors will be earning based on those rates and if we were to remove the CPI numbers we end up with a deficit spending minus fiscal slashing causing gold’s value to increase based on that country’s currency. The reverse applies if at all the interest rates were set to 2 percent higher, because if that was affected, the inflation rate it would advocate a decrease in prices of gold.

However, these are just theoretically correct and although they seem to hold true in most instances, there are times when they just do not work as they are supposed to. Sometimes the increase in gold prices are driven by fear and would have nothing to do with interest rates, when the majority of people start having doubts about the direction of the financial system, they abandon most other commodities in favour of gold and the same can be said to happen when there are regional armed conflicts or even terrorist attacks.

Other factors that drive gold prices is demand and a lot depends on the economic conditions in China and India, who just happen to be the world’s biggest gold consumers. Any changes in demand from these two economies have a significant impact on the prices of gold. However, these demand pressures typically attract new supply and therefore even when demand is high, prices have the potential to go down due to new entrants into the market on the supply side.

For more information please see

The Agua Rica Gold Mine Project

The Canadian based gold producer Yamana Gold recently signed an Agreement with the provincial Government of Catamarca, Argentina which extends the 2014 MOU that allows the mining company to consolidate mining projects especially the Agua Rica project. According to credible reports the Agua Rica project mineral deposit is estimated to be at least 3 times larger than the most lucrative mine in the region which includes, Bajo de Alumbrera, which is located roughly 35 kilometres away from Agua Rica.

The rich deposit site which was initially explored by Northern Orion and BHP Billiton more than 2 decades ago however has drawn flak from engaged mining companies as well as the local populace and hence the mine has yet to be productive. Although Yamana Gold Inc had been given the green light to start construction work, local communities, environmentalists and assemblies have successfully prevented mining activities from taking place despite heavy handed crackdowns from the authorities.

The violence had prompted international attention and as of 2010 any mining related activity was put on hold at Agua Rica. Most of the concerns to halt mining activities were centred on public health concerns that were related to air pollution, water supply and soil contamination as the mine’s location is approximately only 17 km from Andalagá city flanked by 3 rivers which is the main source of water supply to the communities in the region.
The mine is reported to hold vast reserves of copper and gold and the current situation has led the company to implement strategic frameworks to increase its value via a joint venture with XSTRATA and Goldcorp would collectively be paying Yamana using that theoretical spot price of $1,400 for gold enhancing their revenue streams which has caused the stock option for this company a gold mine in itself. Although the spot price component which has been incorporated into the deferred value of the company which may take a few more years to materialise, the potential for the company’s stock options to sky rocket is golden if not epic.

The company’s decision to monetize their holdings in Agua Rica is within the interest of its shareholders and thus the company has been careful about its strategic implementations pertaining to Agua Rica. Yaman would effectively be enjoying cost reductions with the proposed ventures due to 12.5 % stake and in retrospect the revenue stream would actually be enhanced as the mine reportedly holds a minimum of 6.56 million ounces of gold, which based on current spot gold prices multiplied by the percentage of holding and minus mining costs would increase the company’s net worth rather significantly.

The mine is also reported to hold a minimum of 102.2 million ounces of silver, 9.79 billion pounds of copper (largest on the planet), and 629 million pounds of molybdenum which are all governed by the same payout structure and processes. To find out more about how Yamana Gold Inc has structured its Agua Rica dealing please visit:

Valuable Metals Mining – Sluicing for gold

Sluicing for gold is a medium scaled strategy for mining valuable metals that are saved at the slants of slopes or good country with free rubble. This mining operation is typically incited not long after the searching for gold (placer stores) has been depleted downstream. As the miners who prospect placer stores at the streambeds work their way up to the source or birthplace of the stream at the slope or mountain slants which are generally the wellspring of the gold placer stores up and down the waterway or stream bed.

This mining “operation” of sluicing (which is characterized as ‘washing or cleaning’ in the oxford lexicon) includes a container (a floodgate box) that is apportioned and riffled. The riffles arrive to trap the heavier components that don’t stream out of the allotments as the current is backed off by these parcels. The floodgate box is generally set or assembled inside of the restrictions the stream (for the most part in the centre) as the specialists load material scooped from the waterway overnight boarding-house earth around the conduit box and drop it into the ‘heap compartment’.

The streaming water flow then helps the slime through the floodgate box, as the allotment moderates the ebb and flow the heavier “more” denser material sink down and is caught by the riffles and the lighter particles float away. The caught materials in the riffles are then assessed for mineral or other alluvial components that are then isolated by the suitable classifications.

The isolated material is then sent for purifying or extraction to gold refiners or by and large purchasers who purchase the conduit gold as per substance of the metals at a discount of twenty to thirty percent of the spot gold cost at the given time. A large portion of these people who purchase gold from the mineworkers then offer gold to gem specialists who then make gold gems after the gold ‘is extricated’ from the crude express that they found in.

The administration specialists who purchase these gold mineral likewise send it to the refiners just that the gold they purchase are rather executed to the gold stores in the wake of being changed over into gold bars, gold bullion or gold coins.

The sluicing for gold strategy has however been in decay in the course of the last half century as a large portion of the areas this mining technique was connected to are presently ‘gold free’. More propelled procedures have been supplanting this old mining strategy that soon will be never polished and be esteemed as a ‘chronicled technique’ that will never change.

The Bullion Secret

Although there are banks that are honest about their gold bullion reserves, there are some who are not only secretive about their bullion reserves, but misreport it. It is a common fact that most central banks keep the actual amount of gold reserves a secret, some are even believed to not have any and the US Fed is one of them, and the incident with Germany wanting their gold bullion bank and the US central bank being unable to deliver (citing transportation as the problem – while they sent people to the moon without much problems) – the issue only got bigger.

Some banks are more tactical about the amount of gold bullion reserves that they have and they usually cite that it is against bank policy to divulge such information, while other banks beat around the bush with some just ignoring the question entirely. So, the question that needs to be asked here is – WHY? Why are these central banks so secretive about how much gold they have? The answer is actually very basic, if a central bank does not have sufficient gold reserve, what is their money backed up with? Thus, if a central bank declares that it has very little gold, the value of that banks domestic currency falters as in, people lose confidence in it despite the fact that the gold standard has long been abolished.

The fact that these central banks are expecting the gold standard to return in the near future is almost undeniable. The fact that most countries are printing money with anything to back up their currencies is the core of the problem. If we were to take a gram of gold for every 100 units of paper money for any given nation, the stark truth is that these countries would have dispose of more than half of their printed money or reduce its value according to how much gold they have. This was the primary reason that the US was the first country to divorce the gold standard, it was simple because they did not have enough gold reserves to back their currency up based on the pegged value at that time.

Gold bullion is fundamental to currency systems or the world’s financial system risks collapsing under its own weight. The current situation attests to that fact as we may observe the volatile conditions of the current financial systems. This situation cannot go on as money has become meaningless and a false economic environment has enveloped the world, an environment that advocates a financial system that is practically meaningless. The prices of gold that are based on the dollar is currently at what most people are ‘believing’ to be the ‘real value of gold’ when in actual fact, gold is gravely undervalued, if we were to take the amount of currency that is in circulation. So for those of you who would like to secure your future, your best bet is to buy physical gold or silver bullion and keep them safe until the time comes.

For more info visit: